The usual explanation as to why you get a more powerful wave
when the modulating voltage is increased is that the modulation
envelope gets more square, rise and fall times are faster and
so you have a substantial increase in the harmonics of the
modulating frequency, these harmonic frequencies being the ones
responsible for resonating the microbes. But this doesn't
exactly explain why the wave "feels" more powerful to a human
There is another possible reason why faster rise times increase
the wave, quite separate from the frequency-domain issue of
harmonics. There is a school of thought that the Rife effect is
due to Tesla longitudinal waves, otherwise known variously as
plasma waves, subtle energy, scalar waves, non-Hertzian
waves. It is said that SUCH WAVES ARE ONLY PRODUCED WHEN THE
PLASMA UNDERGOES AN ABRUPT CHANGE IN ITS EXCITATION. The more
abrupt, the greater this type of wave. They are not emitted
much by a plasma in stable equilibrium, although internal
instabilities and dynamic turbulent changes in a plasma are
often present and may give rise to some weak, non-coherent
emission of this type. This is why it is essential to dump a
large amount of energy into the plasma in as short a time as
possible to generate these waves.
Other devices can produce these waves, the venerable Violet Ray
among them. Many such devices achieve the rapid transfer of
energy to the plasma by using a spark gap, often in conjunction
with a Tesla coil. Few methods can equal the effectiveness of a
Tesla coil with its high energy stored in a capacitor, which is
almost instantaneously transferred to a plasma when the spark
closes the circuit. Even EMEM2 has a spark plug to achieve a
similar result. Dr. Nehru, brother of India's first prime
minister, wrote about his clinic where thousands of people and
animals were successfully treated by running spark plugs in
close proximity to acupuncture points to generate intense close
range waves of this type. Sorry Cisco, I know your feelings
about spark plugs, but it's true! Apologies too, to those for
whom acupuncture is a form of "vibrational" medicine, to use
Gerber's terminology, which is off-topic and far too flakey,
but others may be interested.
Further pointers to the importance of abrupt excitation change
are the mysterious peaks in light output seen at the start of
each half cycle in a B/R device operating at about 2 kHz, when
the change in plasma excitation is greatest. Maybe Rife knew
the importance of rapid excitation, and that is why he used
such unusually high voltages in his tube amplifiers. High
voltage allows greater power transfer to the plasma from the
electrodes, other things being equal.
Also, around 1935 when Hoyland was involved in developing a
somewhat different type of plasma device, an oscillograph was
apparently necessary to view the waveforms. Perhaps the
importance of the build-up in excitation of the plasma was
realised and that is why the oscillograph was important to view
the process. The oscillograph pictures on the Borderlands
video certainly make it look as though a transient of some type
was what was being observed, not sine waves and frequencies.
Maybe that is why Hoyland felt he had contributed more to the
development than he had received recognition for, who
>From firstname.lastname@example.org Wed Jun 17 02:06:42 1998
I was poking around the library at the University of Victoria the other day
and came across a couple of papers which give a good overview of the
Bioelectromagnetics research which has been carried out over the last 25
years or so.
The first is Chapter 4 in a text titled "Biological Effects of Magnetic and
Electromagnetic Fields" edited by S. Ueno, Plenum Press, New York, 1996. The
chapter is titled "A Growing Scientific Consensus on Cell and Mollecular
Biology Mediating Interactions with Environmental Electromagnetic Fields" by
W. Ross Adey of the Veterans Affairs Medical Center and University School of
Medicine, Loma Linda, Ca.
Ross Adey is has worked in this field for many years and has published
extensively. A summary paragraph concludes:
"Laboratory studies have identified cell membranes as the primary tissue
site of interaction with environmental electromagnetic fields. They have
determined major sequences in the coupling of cell surface signals to a
cascade of high energy enzymatic mechanisms inside cells, including
mechanisms regulating cell growth. These studies point to joint actions of
chemical cancer promoters and EM fields at cell membranes as key steps in
tumour formation. The role of free radicals in first detection of EM fields
at athermal levels is supported by biophysical models and experimental
data." Seventy-five references are provided.
The second paper is chapter 12 in a text titled "Handbook of Biological
Effects of Electromagnetic Fields", CRC Press Inc., 1996. The chapter is
titled "Modulated Fields and 'Window' Effects" by Elliot Postow and Mays L.
Swicord. This paper discusses work which shows that there are both specific
frequencies as well as amplitude windows which have reported effects on
biologicial tissues so relates to Rife type effects. Predominant in the
frequency observations was 16 Hz with some observation of effects at 45 Hz.
These effects were observed both with direct application of E-M fields at
these frequencies and when they were used to modulate an RF carrier.
The other region of observed frequency effects is in the 30 to 75 GHZ range.
It is postulated that the effect in this range is due to macromolecular
oscillations. It has been observed that the growth of irradiated E. Coli can
be enhanced by 50% or retarded by 50% by shifting the frequency by 2 or 3
GHz in this range and many peaks and valleys have been observed. The paper
makes no strong conclusions and refers to the lack of reproducibilty in many
of the studies which may be due to the very precise engineering of
experiments that is required. Three hundred and thirty-nine references are
As an aside, I also got a copy of a student paper from the January, 1944,
Electrical Engineering Journal titled "Effect of High-Frequency Fields on
Micro-Organisms" by Hugh Fleming who was a student at Oregon State College,
Corvallis in 1942. E. Coli bacteria in 10 cc sample tubes were subjected to
10 watts of RF with frequencies of 11, 14, 28, 60, 200 and 350 MHz.
Gemicidal effects were observed at all frequecies with 60 MHz being the most
effective. Other tests showed that a large voltage or E field gradient
across the bacteria sample tube was more effective than an intense magnetic
field. Time effects experiments showed that a high power for a short time is
more effective than low power for a long time.
>From Alan Blood email@example.com
I have been thinking about apoptosis, and it seems a shame that
research has not gone ahead on this. For sure this is what is
happening to your Paramecia. My lecturer confirmed that unicellular
eukaryotes do undergo apoptosis, probably as a strategy to contain
viral infection and / or to cleave the viral genes into small bits
along with their own genes. That would stop the neighboring Paramecia
in the pond from also getting infected! In theory this may not apply
to prokaryotic bacteria (but who knows!).
Your white blood cell die-off is probably Calcium induced apoptosis.
However tissue cells may not be so sensitive to Calcium induction.
Tumor cells are induced into apoptosis by receptor interactions with
immune cell ligands( eg fas),secretions eg TNF, and also granzymes
injected through the perforin.... The moral of the story is that you
may or may not have success in Rife zapping a pure tumour cell line
in vitro. However the Rife treatments may act in synergy with a
stimulated immune attack in vivo.
Some types of tumor cells are defective in p53, and therefore are
known to be resistant to immune stimulated apoptosis. This includes
many prostate tumors. Remember Crane quoted Rife as saying that
prostate tumors were one of the types he had no success with... If
the reader has prostate cancer dont despair, as WG has experienced a
big drop in PSA from his Rife ray treatments for prostate. If a tumor
is contained it will maybe wall off and thus not spread.
The fas story is interesting. T-cells have fas ligands on thier
membranes. These will engage fas receptor on target cells eg virus
infected cells, abnormal cells etc, to induced apoptosis signal to
the target cell. Some studies showed that tumor cells expressed
soluble fas, which bound to their own receptor and caused "weak
signal" which does NOT signal apoptosis, and blocks the receptors
from T-cell contact. Not only that, these cancer cells could kill the
T-cell on contact rather than the other way around! If I was looking
for a mechanism of immune synergy of Rife treatment, this is one of
the things I would look at. Maybe it shakes off soluble fas binding.
Why do tumor cells do immune suppressive things like that? I think
they are expressing embryonic programs that are used to prevent
maternal immune attack. BUT they arent hidden behind the placental
wall. There ARE models of "spontaneous tumor remission" which are
encouraging. When this happens usually it is successful immune
induction of apoptosis. As they go apoptotic, tumor cells flip
phosphatidylserine from the inside of the membrane to the outside and
this signals the macrophages to engulf them.
Rife claimed success against TB lesions. This suggests macrophage
Any immunologists out there should consider Jim's reports on white
blood cell response, and study them in more detail. Jim noted some
initial die-off, followed by hyperactivity. The latter might suggest
neutrophil proliferation but nobody has studied it. Becker showed
that minute currents near wounds were concurrent with cytokine
release and following cascades. My theory is that short Rife exposure
causes some wbc to sense microcurrents and sets off sysemic cytokine
signalling leading to wbc proliferation. Some people have reported
some feeling of illness after treatments. The "popular theory" is
that this is a reaction to released toxins or cell breakdown products
into the blood. This theory may not be true at all, but rather this
response may be a pseudo-fever, eg the tendency of TNF to induce
Alan P Blood
PO Box 128 Nathan 4111 Brisbane Australia
RESEARCH SURVEY OF TECHNICAL DOCUMENTS
To All researchers conducting research on the Rife Technology.
Papers were obtained with help from:
This is the first installment. The second installment will
consist of some extracts from the papers.
The following documents were obtained for information related
to electromagnetic effects on cells.
1. Electroporation: A General Phenomenon \for Manipulating Cells and Tissues.
James C. Weaver
Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Massachusetts
Institute of Technology,
2. Growing Scientific Consensus on the Cell and Molecular Biology Mediating
Interactions with Environmental Electromagnetic Fields
W. Ross Adey
Veterans Affairs Medical Center And University
School of Medicine
Loma Linda, Calif., 92357
3. Effect of High-Frequency Fields on Micro-Organisms
Electrical Engineering Jan 1944
1. Action of Radio Waves on Insect Pests
J. H. Davis
Scientific American, vol. 148, 1933, page 272
2. Biological Fundamentals of Radiation Therapy
E. P. Elinger, Interscience Publishers, New York. , 1937
3. Diathermy Measurement Technique
J.D. Kraus and R. W. Tweed
Electronics, vol. 13, December 1940, pages 39-40.
4. Energy Distribution in Adjacent Zone of a Diapole in Aqua
J. Patzold and K. Oswald
Strahlentherapie, vol. 66,11939, pages 303-13
5. High Frequency Practice
MacMillan Company, New York, N.Y.
6. Modified Radio Practice in Guayaquil
Public Health Reports, vol. 56, February 14, 1941, pages 2929-33
7. Radio (fifth edition)
Radio, LTD., Santa Barbara, Calif., 1938
8. Radioactivity in Biological Experiments
Science News, vol. 90,December 29, 11939, page 615
9. Radio Engineering
F. E. Terman
McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., New York, N.Y., 1937
10. Report of International Conference on Fever Therapy
The Medical Press, New York, N. Y., 1937
11. The relation of Frequency to the Physiological Effects of
Journal of Experimental Medicine, vol., 49, pages 301-21
12. Short Wave Diathermy
Tibor de Cholnoky
Columbia University Press, 1938
13. The Nature of the Effect of a High-Frequency Electric Field Upon
Public Health Reports, vol., 44, pages 339-47
14. Ultrahigh-Frequency Vibrations: Their Effect Upon Living Organisms
A. Brunori and S. S. Torrisi
American Journal of Physical Therapy, vol., 7, 1930, pages 102-04.
4. Modulated Fields and Window Effects
Elliot Postow and Mays L. Swicord
Handbook of Bilogical Effects of Electromagnetics Fields
RESEARCH SURVEY OF TECHNICAL DOCUMENTS
The following document is concerned with electroporation, but there are some
important statements that address some of the concerns of Rife Technology
Electroporation: A General Phenomenon \for Manipulating Cells and Tissues.
James C. Weaver
Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Massachusetts
Institute of Technology,
This extract: "Electrical Behavior for a Short Pulse", Page 431 - 432
"The electrical conditions which have been observed to cause electroporation
are simple to state in approximate form: elevation of U (t) to 0.5-1.5 V for
durations of microsecond to milliseconds. A great many observations together
suggest that this is essentially universal, i.e., that the onset of
electroporation is predominantly a physical phenomenon, with the chemical
properties of different membranes overwhelmed by only slight changes in U
(t). The electrical and mechanical behavior of some artificial planar
bilayer membranes has been determined, with mechanical destruction (rupture)
typically occurring for moderate values of U (e.g., 300-500 mV).
Paradoxically, for short pulses much larger U can be reached for some types
of membranes, but rupture does not occur. Instead the membrane achieves a
high conductance state, and rapidly discharges via ": reversible electrical
breakdown" (REB) [9,33]. Related behaviour for longer pulses has also been
A Brief description of the electrical behavior is worthwhile, primarily
because electroporation is caused by electrical stimuli, but also because
the extent and progression of electroporation can be followed by electrical
measurements. A "signature" of electroporation is the tremendous increase in
electrical conduction which can be measured, and which is believed due to
ionic conduction through transient aqueous pores. The behavior of the
transmembrane voltage, U(t), during membrane charging, and the subsequent
appearance and evolution of a pore population, is intimately connected with
the number and size of the pores. The success of a transient aqueous pore
model in providing a quantitative description of U(t) under these conditions
provides confidence that electroporation is a valid concept.
What happens as pulse size is increased? Very small and short pulses merely
charge up membrane, with a time constant (e.g., 1 microsecond) due to the
membrane's capacitance and the resistance of the external charging pathway.
Somewhat larger pulses bring the membrane to several hundred millivolts and
lead to rupture of a planar membrane. Progressively larger pulses lead to a
larger membrane conductance, G(t), and increasingly faster decay of U(t).
This is the origin of reversible behavior, as the membrane discharges before
a single large pore can evolve and then leads to rupture."
In my opinion, it appears that the use of pulsing, as explained in this
paper, definitely contributes to the transfer of material across the cell
membrane to cause swelling, which can produce rupture of the cell wall.
I order to prevent REB (reversible electrical breakdown) of the
cell membrane (wall), short pulses of 1-100 microseconds
(0.000001 - 0.0000100 second) and larger pulses of 1-10
milliseconds probably are not sufficient to produce membrane
rupture. Cell membrane rupture is most likely to occur, if the
pulse is very large and brief as in the case of the spike that
has been seen to precede the square wave, which would produce
large voltage buildup within the membrane and produce membrane
The gating mode of the Kinnaman can be set to ½ cps (1,000
input) to approximately 5 cps (40 input). That equates to 500
millisecond to 200 milliseconds. It appears that a large pulse
for a very short time period would effectively produce rupture
of the cell wall. That means that more power is required, but
only for pulses in milliseconds to produce high voltages and to
I believe that in the Rife video of his lab, the demonstration of the plasma
tube, operated at 500 watts and for milliseconds, demonstrated this phenomenon.
There are other papers, which I believe supports this theory
and I will be reporting on them.
It must be pointed out that I have extracted from the papers
what I believe to be significant in regard to Rife Technology.
Work is already being conducted by some in this area and I
believe it will be very fruitful.
The use of a microscope in conjunction with this technique
would aid in the confirmation these theoretical assumptions
with regard to Rife Technology.
* To the List,
* Maybe they do, and maybe they don't.
* I am a present day researcher not unlike yourselves, who has been
working with the "Flanagan Neurophone" since 1978. I have
successfully reproduced both his patents relating to the
neurophone. One uses a 4 kV field with a high impedance output
employing amplitude modulation. Flanagan states that with the
proper tuning of the circuit one can hear in one's brain, bypassing
the human ear. I can say with no hesitation that it works! It
works so well that it got me my present job at Starkey Laboratories
(hearing aids) after I demo'd it on the owner and vice-president at
the time, who immediately hired me.
* I have had one totally deaf person hear with this device. She had
the auditory nerves in both ears cut and the bones removed as well
in an attempt to alleviate a tinitus condition (ringing of the
ears). This left her totally deaf and much to the doctors dismay
she still had the tinitus. This happened in Israel in the "50's.
* By the use of two 180 degree out of phase fields, tuned to
resonance, 30 kHz to 40 kHz carrier across the body, being
modulated by an audio signal one hears as though the sound were
coming from the center of the head. This is experienced by hearing
impaired and non hearing impaired subjects. One individual who had
his right inner ear removed due to a grenade in Vietnam was amazed
to be hearing from "the center of my brain". He localized the sound
source as originating in the center of his head not from the left
* The key appears to be "resonance", of what, no one is sure. This
does work on all people who can hear, impaired or not, but not on
all deaf people. Without the output being tuned to the body nothing
is heard, meaning the inductive reactance of the output transformer
must match the capacitive reactance of the body. Then with an
insulated wire held to each side of the head and each 180 degrees
out of phase a standing wave occurs in the body of the individual
that appears to be penetrating the epidermal layer. Without
resonance one just gets the transdermal transmission (skin effect)
and no sound is detected by the individual. Has anyone tried a
"tuned" zapper or rife device in their valiant attempts to help
mankind? This same system will ignite fluorescent tubes and make
* That's all for now, God Bless Everyone Of You.
* Comments welcome!
Below is a report from Science magazine, sometime in the 1930's.
"THE EFFECT OF SUPER-SONIC WAVES ON BLOOD CORPUSCLES"
Super-sonic waves which are sound-waves vibrating too rapidly to be
heard, have now been brought under such control that observers can watch
their effects through a high-power microscope. Using a small
electrically driven crystal to produce these waves at a rate of 406,000
a second, Professor E. Newton Harvey, of Princeton University, and
Alfred L. Loomis, of Tuxedo Park, N.Y., have watched blood corpuscles
warp, twist and disintegrate, and have seen the living protoplasm in
plant cells whirl in a dance of death, faster and faster until it has
separated into spinning bits, broken and disorganized.
The apparatus used in these experiments is a refinement, on almost a
jeweler's scale, of an earlier form devised by Mr. Loomis and Professor
R. W. Wood, of the Johns Hopkins University. It takes advantage of the
fact that when a rapidly alternating electric current is fed into a
quartz crystal cut in a certain fashion, the crystal vibrates at the
speed of the electrical oscillations, producing sound waves. By cutting
the crystal small, and using an electrical oscillator of the type
employed in radio stations, it is possible to to produce sound waves
twenty times as fast as the 20,000-per-second waves which represent the
upper limit of human hearing ability. And these extremely rapid waves,
at high enough intensities, have a tearing, killing effect on living
substance. They have been nicknamed "the death whisper."
"Observing under a high-power microscope," Professor Harvey and Mr.
Loomis state, "it has been possible to follow the progressive
destruction of frog blood corpuscles. The oval cells at first become
warped and twisted. Strained areas appear and the color fades, leaving
a pale distorted shadow. Human blood corpuscles are likewise twisted
and sometimes broken up into many small globules like an emulsion of
Vibrations on the leaves of a water-plant, in which the living
protoplasm usually keeps up a constant circulation around the wall of
each cell were also investigated. "High frequency waves of low
intensity passed through these cells caused the protoplasm to rotate
very much as in the normal rotation. Increasing the super-sonic
intensity increases the movement until the whole cell is a rapidly
whirling mass of protoplasm, fragments of which are torn loose and
rotate as small balls in the vacuole. The effect is very striking.
"The microscopic method offers a promising means of attack upon the
problem of influencing the development of eggs of various species, as
forces can thus be applied inside an egg at different stages of its
development without the necessity of puncturing the cell wall or
enveloping membrane. The results immediately suggest the interesting
possibility of converting an egg with determinate cleavage into an
indeterminate one by redistributing the organ-forming substances of its
interior. We are now engaged upon this and allied problems, the results
of which we expect to publish in due course."
The old time members should be ashamed. The newbies have the only excuse
for forgetting one very basic point that has been made time and time again
by myself and several others WRT this thread.
VITAL to the functioning of a B/R device is the tube. The reason the tube
is so important (So goes the theory), is the fact that the gas plasma
exhibits a negative resistance region. This negative resistance action
facilitates very high switching speeds (as evidenced by Cisco and others
experimentally). These high switching speeds allow for the generation of
very high frequency (perhaps into the GHz range) harmonics.
It is possible that Rife, himself, was relying on the spurious harmonic
generation of the equipment he was using.
RESEARCH SURVEY OF TECHNICAL DOCUMENTS
Electroporation: A General Phenomenon for Manipulating Cells and Tissues.
James C. Weaver
Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts (54 References)
Page 432-433, "Cell Stress and Death Due To Electroporation"
"The general trend is found in the use of electroporation to introduce
molecules into cells. For a given pulse shape, small magnitude pulses cause
no effect, but at about 1 kV/cm (mammalian cells; short pulses) some cells
experience molecular uptake. As larger electric fields are used, the
percentage of participating cells increases, but the percentages of
surviving cells simultaneously decreases. Eventually, for very large fields
essentially no cells survive. Why does this occur? There are at least two
hypotheses: (1) a prompt membrane rupture occurs in some portions of the
cell membrane, leading to a large hole in the membrane; and (2) chemical
imbalances occur, due to the influx and efflux through transient and
metastable pores. Although important to almost all applications, a good
understanding of cell stress and resultant cell death does not yet exist.
Very early studies demonstrated nonthermal killing of microorganisms by
electric field pulses which are now associated with electroporation .
Much more recently, compelling evidence has been gathered that
electroporation plays an important role in cell death and the associated
tissue damage of electrocution injury , and that membrane recovery can
be significant improved by providing a nonionic surfactant . Thus, like
essentially all natural phenomena from which technologies are crafted, there
are both desired and undesired outcomes. In order to obtain optimal
outcomes, considerable additional understanding of electroporation will be
Video Display of Swelling and Evisceration of a Microorganism.
The effect of concentration of various materials such as minerals in ionic
form or other organic constituents that is able to pass through the membrane
creates a dynamic pressure within and without the microorganism. Essentially
the materials that are mobile are constantly trying to establish
concentration equilibrium; e.g., the areas of higher concentration are
seeking to distribute material so that all areas have the same concentration.
In the examples of the destruction of certain microorganisms observed on
videotape, two observations can be noted. The first is swelling. The second
is the breakdown of the cell wall. These can happen simultaneously.
An induced pulse that effectively causes the cell membrane to be incapable
of maintaining its normal charge results in the destruction of the membrane
pores and the destruction of the cell wall.
The first phenomenon of the rushing in or out of ionic material or the
supporting media to obtain a balanced concentration between the area within
and without the cell results in swelling. As observed, this generally
precedes the breakdown of the cell wall. Electroporation effectively
destroys the cell membrane first by destroying the controlled transport
mechanism and material moves in and out of the cell to achieve equilibrium.
As noted in some videos of microscopic displays of such phenomenon, the
material within does not appear to be visibly destroyed. Concentration of
materials within the cell can actually be seen to break apart. This suggests
that concentration of materials within the cell may have membranes or
charges surrounding them to create or maintain organization within the cell.
Some regrouping of some materials demonstrates the natural dynamic forces
that exist between some of the constituents to overcome destruction on all
If the Pulse only deactivates the cell or destroys vital substances within
the cell, then most likely evisceration would not readily occur. However, it
would only be a matter of time for the complete destruction of the cell, but
at a slower pace or rate.
Pulsing or gating has demonstrated its ability to effectively cause
microorganism destruction at a higher rate. All induced wave types can
destroy microorganisms, but it is the action of the pulse that produces the
voltage spike in the cell that accelerates the process.
The observation on the effect of the square wave harmonics to effectively
kill off multimicroorganisms simultaneously by Dr Hulda Clark reduced the
need for specific MOR frequencies. The addition of "Electroporation" to the
picture has enabled a more precise understanding of the mechanisms involved.
Essentially, the pulse must be of sufficient power and duration to disrupt
normal membrane mechanisms that control transport across the membrane. This
has been achieved. Now it must be refined. Pulses should generally be first
of sufficient power to raise the voltage in the cell to the appropriate
level and second to be of sufficient duration (milliseconds) to achieve that
level over a very short period.
Significant progress has been achieved in our understanding of this
technology. Based on these facts, there is literally no microorganism that
cannot be specifically and effectively destroyed without harming the
surrounding cells due to the fact that every microorganism has a specific
"Resonant Frequency". Dr Hulda Clark's Synchrometer can be used to
determine the base frequency (MOR). It does not necessarily directly
determine the harmonics, but that is another matter.
Different techniques of induction of energies required are evolving and
they are all valid. Some are more effective than others are, but the end
effect is the same.
Electromagnetic techniques as of this date cannot replace the physical
manipulation of surgical techniques for repairing physical destruction or
damage to tissues and organs, but "Organ Regeneration" is a wide-open area.
Some reports of regeneration have already been appearing on the scene.
Robert stated in one of his papers, "Take Back The Power!". I think more
appropriately, we need to simply use the power to help those who cannot help
themselves. Dr.'s Rife and Bare have shown a way. We need to proliferate
these techniques among the masses to over come those forces that are
oppressing the people. The simplification in operation and reduction in cost
are major goals to be achieved. I believed both are readily achievable.
The physical and spiritual aspects of life are intimately involved. Some are
involved only in the physical. Some are also involved in the spiritual
aspects. In these areas I am involved with both. No one has all the
answers! We need to explore these areas with our eyes open and to avoid any
personal conflicts. As one person said, "The truth is out there!". Those who
seek the truth will find it! This is the time for researchers to press on
and pursue the truth.
I just recieved some papers from M. Black and wanted to thank him for
his controbution. While going through them I found something that could
explain a little more about how the B/R works. My theory was it used the
DNA as kind of an antenna to get the charge into the microbe. But from
what I read it's possable that the outer protein layer is the means of
the charge transportation and a sort of voltage regulator of sorts.
MECHANISTIC CONSIDERATIONS AT CELL AND MOLECULAR LEVELS
Tissue Elements in EM Field Detection; the Role of Cell
Beyond these physical events in first detection of
environmental EM fields in tissues, there appears to be a
general consensus that the site of field action is at cell
membranes. Strands of protein are strategically located on the
surface of cells in tissue, where they act as detectors of
electrical and chemical messages arriving at cell surfaces,
transducing them and transmitting them to the cell interior.
The structural basis for this transductive coupling by these
protein strands is well known. Through them, cell membranes
perform a triple role, in signal detection, signal
amplification, and signal transduction to the cell interior.
NOTE: You'll notice in the last line that it says signal
detection, signal amplification, and signal transduction to the
Calcium ions play an essential role at each step in
this transmembrane signalling, and have been used as markers of
EM field interactions in a variety of tissues and cell
cultures. Calcium efflux studies, primarily in brain tissue,
revealed sensitivities to ELF fields, and also to ELF-modulated
radiofrequency fields (Bawin et al., 1975, 1976; Blackman et
al., 1979, 1985 a,b, 1994; Duna et al., 1984; Lin-liu and Adey,
1982). In many instances, these responses were windowed with
respect to field amplitude, or ELF field frequency (or ELF
modulation frequency of radiofrequency fields), or both. More
recent calcium influx studies have created a further consensus
on the key role of calcium (Fig. 3).
>From firstname.lastname@example.org Fri Jul 3 02:14:28 1998
>Perhaps my ability to explain the matter is inadequate to the task. If
>you would like to get a better understanding on the nature of Tesla's
>longitudinal waves, I strongly recommend that you contact Borderlands,
>and get the two videotapes, the five booklets by Eric Dollard, and the
>reprint of the book by Steinmetz. As a layman, the majority of this
>material is over my head, but I think the general idea comes across,
>especially on the videotapes.
There are many misconceptions about electricity and electromagnetism. I won't
pretend to know it all, but can talk about waves a bit.
There are basically two waves to consider, longitudinal and transverse. In
earthquakes, both of these exist and so it might provide a good starting point.
When an earthquake happens, the two types of wave are termed P and S waves.
P waves are longitudinal, and S waves are transverse. These are easier
remembered if you think of longitudinal as "pressure" waves, and transverse
as "shear" waves. Longitudinal waves are pressure or compression zones
that propogate outward from the point of origin. Transverse waves are
side-to-side movements, or "shaking" back and forth, in simplified terms
basically at right angles to the longitudinal propogation.
Longitudinal waves travel much faster than transverse. That principle can be
used to estimate how far away the source is. Having a good idea of how fast
longitudinal and transverse waves both travel through the earth, the
difference between their arrival times at a distant point can provide for
calculating the distance.
Longitudinal waves can travel through both solids and gasses. Transverse
waves that would result from physical movement of some object do not travel
through gasses or air. Sound waves are therefore longitudinal.
Most of us have seen the three dimensional representations of electromagnetic
propogation of radio signals for example, with an electric field at right
angles to the magnetic field. The theories are still up for grabs as far as
I am concerned.
Couple more simple examples. When you attach one end of a rope to a building
and swing the other end back and forth, it is transverse waves you see.
When you send sound through a taught string with a tin can on each end,
the string is not seen to move (no transverse wave) and thus the sound is
travelling as a longitudinal wave through the string.
As a side issue, note that we transmit power and information through wires
by *physical movement* of electrons in the wire, much like water in a pipe,
back and forth. The movement of electrons is relatively very slow. But
the instant an impulse is applied, causing electrons to react, the impulse
moves down the wire at about the speed of light, or very nearly. If we
could only learn to harness the impulses (longitudinal waves), then we would
have largely resistance-free, capacitance-free, reactance-free, high
bandwidth communications through ordinary copper lines. That is what
Bill Fogal might have achieved, preventing electrons from moving (much) but
still processing a signal.
More available here: http://www.eskimo.com/~ghawk/fogal_device/
How it all relates to the plasma tubes is for someone else to tackle. All
I can say with at least some certainty is that between the tube and subject
these waves play a part. In wires however, the electrical movement would
not really be what IMHO could be termed longitudinal waves, as it is instead
mostly driven/forced rather than free movement. If a small spark gap were
introduced, then that would be a different story, and the wiring and tube
would be free to "ring" at their natural rate like the air does (and the
ether). :-) Whether it would help at all here I don't know.
Its been a long time since I have posted anything on the List
about the Rife schematics; and I am surprised that no one has
posted the correct theory of operation.
One needs to start with the idea that Rife was not skilled in
the art of radio and simply hired the best people that money
could buy. They designed and built a frequency instrument that
met Rife's criteria. Apparently, for whatever reason,
documentation on the instrument was never furnished to Rife or
it was lost.
If Crane's patent is carefully studied, it becomes obvious that
Crane had little or no understanding of the art of radio; and
he had little understanding of how to make electrical
measurements. Some of his published measurements are grossly
If all of the Rife schematics are carefully examined, they all
have common errors except the one at Bhive Research which has
When the source of the major errors is explained, the answer is
simple. The inescapable conclusion is that the instruments
existed first and then the existing schematics were drawn.
Back in the old days, radio circuits were built on a chassis.
Some components would be above the chassis and other components
would be below the chassis. The power triode plate connection
was above the chassis as were the plate tuning capacitor and
the plate tank coil. These components require two connections
to the bottom side of the chassis. When the person that was
tracing out the circuit flipped the chassis over to see where
the connections went, he reversed the two connections.
The correct circuit has the plate of the power triode connected
through a series RF choke to the high voltage supply. Also
from the plate there is a series capacitor to the hot end of
the tank coil. The bottom end of the tank coil has a series
capacitor to the grid of the power triode. The grid is also
connected through a series RF choke to the hot end of the
'modulation' (for lack of a better word) level potentiometer.
The power triode front panel plate tuning capacitor would have
been called the wavelength of super regeneration. This circuit
is clearly a class C power oscillator. (And it does not require
six stages of amplifiers to drive it.)
The dual triode, with the three incandescent lamps in series
between one cathode and ground, is a Wien Bridge oscillator.
The Wien Bridge oscillator is a sine wave oscillator and is
noted for its frequency stability and its low distortion.
There are additional errors in this circuit, but they are not
important for the analysis.
The dual tuning capacitor in the Wien Bridge circuit is front
panel mounted and would be called the frequency adjustment.
The double pole rotary switch is the front panel frequency
The output of the Wien Bridge oscillator goes to a pentode
where it is amplified and then goes to the modulation level
The two connections at the top of the circuit that appear to go
nowhere are test points. One is a normally closed jack that
when a milliamp meter is plugged in, it reads cathode current
for the power oscillator; and the other jack is for frequency
calibration of the Wien Bridge oscillator.
In Rife's instrument when the wave length of regeneration is
set to 17-5/8 meters and the frequency is set to 11.78 MHz,
what happens is that the power oscillator phase locks to the
11.78 MHz signal when the triode conducts, but on the alternate
half cycle of the 11.78 MHz signal delays the time for tube
conduction near the beginning of the next cycle. The end
result is the output wave is stretched to become 11.78 MHz.
The second half of the cycle of the output wave form would be
longer than the first half resulting in even harmonic
distortion. So what appears to be grid modulation of the power
triode is not modulation in the normal sense. Instead it locks
the power oscillator frequency to the frequency of the Wien
Bridge oscillator. The operation of this circuit is a bit
tricky to get the desired output frequency.
In a prior post I stated that this circuit was impedance
matched to the plasma tube and that an antenna tuner was not
needed. My statement was in error because the circuit is not
impedance matched to the plasma tube although it may be a
reasonable compromise. If an antenna tuner wire used it would
upset the frequency of regeneration resulting in erratic
It appears that Crane copied one of Rife's frequency
instruments except he changed the frequency range of the Wien
Bridge oscillator such that it would tune the audio range. One
of Crane's claims on his model AZ-58 was the low distortion so
it certainly was not square wave modulation.
I wish to thank Jason for some of the data he provided and his
deep interest in the Rife history which keept me digging for
I think you bring up a goodly number of points for discussion Tom. I will address only one of them for now, maybe some others can discuss other points.
> How does frequency relate to wavelength?
The relationship between wavelength and frequency depends entirely on the velocity that the wave is travelling. Because some people tend to "zone out" when looking at a math equation, let's try this visually, and keep it simple.
Pretend you have a length of pipe. Then visualize one long curved wave through the length of it (commonly known as sine wave). The length of pipe would be equal to the wavelength of the wave.
If that wave is travelling at a certain velocity, so that one length of the wave makes it through the pipe in one second, the frequency (or number of "events" per second) will be one cycle per second, or one hertz. One length of the wave travelled through the pipe in one second.
If the wave however is traveling faster...let's say five of these long waves are able to travel through the pipe in one second, then the frequency will be 5 hertz.
Now, let's shorten the length of the wave, so that ten of these waves fit in the length of the pipe. As they travel, let's say all ten of them make it through the length of the pipe in one second. In that case the frequency would be ten hertz (ten "events" per second). Then if these 10 waves accelerate and start traveling twice as fast, the frequency of waves traveling through the pipe would be 20 hertz (or 20 "events" per second).
Now I realize we are considering a very small model here, that is this "pipe"...but it helps give some basic definitions.
My understanding of what might be happening with some of this Rife technology... well it is known that if we have a frequency being emitted from a plasma tube towards a person, or a microscope slide, or something in water...that frequency according to scientific principles will remain the SAME when it goes from the tube tthrough the air and then through the person or the stuff on the slide or through water, or whatever medium you are considering. What changes when it travels through these various media, is the wavelength, because the wave cannot travel at the same velocity through all these different things.
So, what might be happening is, there are innate wavelengths that exist in the body or whatever media you want to consider, these are associated with various biochemical or molecular or atomic phenomena (these may be numerous). And that to achieve resonance, we need to emit a frequency from a device, that as it travels through the various media, it changes wavelength in such a way that will eventually MATCH the innate wavelength in the media. And this match could include a far-away octave relationship.
Joel Sternheimer the French physicist has repeatedly used the octave relationship across the entire electromagnetic spectrum (i.e., between the cosmic region and the audio region), to achieve resonance matching, so this is not something new.
Hope this might help, other comments welcome..
Since there has been much discussion regarding possibilities surrounding DNA resonance, I would like to pass along some citations in the scientific literature that specifically address resonances found in DNA, specific to acoustic velocities through that molecule.
Furthermore the resonances found were determined to be associated with the *length* of the DNA molecular chain, giving more foundation to the DNA-as-antenna theory. These acoustic mode resonances generally fall in the very-high radio and low-microwave range area. The general formula used was: a representative velocity of sound through the DNA molecule / wavelength based on length of the molecule = resonant frequency
Several acoustic velocities were pinpointed, and it was noted that they seemed to be dependent on whether the DNA was linear, circular, or supercoiled in form (Edwards, 1984 and Edwards, 1985).
The Edwards 1985 article is the most detailed. A couple of enlightening quotes follow: P. 806 - "Mechanical excitations can draw large amounts of power from the electromagnetic field only when the acoustic resonance condition is satisfied. This is the source of the frequency-length dependence."
and P. 804 - "The electromagnetic field exerts forces on charges along the DNA molecule. Field-induced motion is propogated through a DNA molecule by intramolecular potentials. A coherent acoustic mode develops when excitations reflected from the ends of linear DNA molecules constructively interfere to yield a standing wave."
Also I have seen now in several sources (see in particular Boles and Cozzarelli cites below), that supercoiled DNA form (also referred to as interwound or plectonemic) assumes a supercoiled-length axis at a fairly consistent 41% of the length of the total DNA chain length. Thinking this might present us with another possibility for a resonant wavlength, I checked it against some of Rife's frequencies for a couple of the larger bacteria he was working with.
Using the speed of light in a vacuum (not tissue!), and the supercoiled wavelength of Treponema pallidum (spirochete of syphilis), and using the formula: velocity / wavelength = frequency, I was able to ascertain an exact match with Rife's frequency for that organism (octave adjusted).
This was exact to 99.99%.
Others of the large supercoiled-DNA types of bacterial organisms did not yield the same match.
However what we might learn from all this is - we may have a number of inter-related resonance modes at work when we are using Rife-related technologies. Speed of electromagnetic radiation through various media, and speed of acoustic radiation through the various media, some of which may be coupling with each other at certain points or "hot spots" to yield intense an resonance reaction. Rife used 2 frequencies, Priore used at least a dozen, and now it is possble to see how some of these frequency responses may be interlinked with each other due to the numerous biophysical responses.
And, there is not just DNA resonance. There could be resonance related to size of organism, certain key molecules, etc.
Here are the citations for those of you who might be interested.
Many regards, Char
>Is it possible that are other illnesses which were once
>thought to be genetic which may instead be
>caused by a virus in the DNA? In other words,
>can researchers always tell if a gene which indicates
>an illness is an "unadulterated" inherited one versus
>one "screwed up" in both cases by the same virus?
While I claim no expertise in this matter, there are various mechanisms of gene transfer that exist...transformation, transduction, transposition; also there can occur amplification of currently existing "normal" genes, if this amplification occurs over a certain level it can cause metabolic changes in cellular activity...there may be other people on this list with more expertise.
While most of the research has come from the cancer arena, it can be applied to viral & bacterial gene transfer activity in general.
Probably any good book on virology or biochemistry / molecular biology will give more details. I like the Zinsser Microbiology book because the writing seems relatively coherent and easier to understand than some other texts.